It’s practical to make a 2lb cut for general application. Jarred sauce! 2lbs to one gallon (2lb cut) is of course mixing volume and weight. (Some finishes won't stick to the wax in natural shellac.) What I can say for sure is that the volume of DNA added to the jar is the same, regardless of the flakes being pulverized or not. This only took a short time more than my regular 2# cut to dissolve. For thinner coats - in the 1-2 lb. That oil should be wiped with naphtha a day or so after the finish is complete , the oil doesn’t dry, so it floats to the surface. You may also return purchases to a Rockler store near you for store credit. It should be as lint-free as possible. This site uses affiliate links. Found at home hardware. I’ve been using it for shellac and had no problems dissolving it. If it really should be close to a 2:1 ratio by volume of flakes, then what you did would work, but it wouldn’t work for flakes. Thanks for providing 25% more irony with your t-shirt choice. The most common cuts you’ll come across are 3 lb, 2 lb and 1 lb. How much, if any, did I mess up the seal coat? It leaves a glossy finish if applied thick enough and buffed out. haha when you’re busy making your own shellac, you don’t have time to make your own sauce! Always use a Dewaxed Shellac as a primer under paint or as a seal-coat under clear finishes. Cut a piece of cloth roughly 10"-12" square. The views and opinions expressed on this blog are purely our own. F. 10/12/2010 Chuck Nickerson. By the way, this isn’t a new concept. Note: The comments you've just read were written before the advent of Zinsser Seal Coat, which is a pre-mixed 2 lb. Where is that shop monkey, he’d back me up on this? Your order will come with a return form with convenient instructions, or you may send your returns directly to Returns Department, Rockler Woodworking and Hardware, 4365 Willow Drive, Medina, MN 55340. I mistakenly used a 2:1 cut of shellac as a seal cut on oak. I always start with a sealer coat of 2 lb. You will find oil sitting on the surface. But it’s close enough. I probably read about this years ago in a woodworking magazine. A 2lb cut is two pounds of shellac to a gallon of denatured alcohol. The mix is identified by the ratio of alcohol to shellac, called “cuts.” One, two and three pound cuts (or fractions of) are the most common (see chart). Pour in Behkol solvent or denatured alcohol and set the mixture aside to dissolve. Common shellac thinning ratios range from a two- to a five-pound cut. Also, about the spray gun cleaning - I use only one gun, spraying lacquer thinner through it after every use. cut shellac and some padding cloth, which is available from finishing suppliers as trace cloth or French polishing cloth. Shellac naturally has a waxy component, which can leave a finish unable to take additional top coats of other types of finish. Colinsthename May 2, 2016. Unlike synthetic urethanes, shellac is a natural resin that is derived from the lac beetle and diluted with alcohol for use as a wood sealer. Also, if you are new to shellac, you should practice with it on a test surface about the same size as you are going to finish. Do check your technician’s credentials. In the 1920s shellac was replaced in factories by lacquer for two primary reasons: shellac resin (from bug secretions) is a commodity product that was going up in price as demand increased, while lacquer was going down in price; and lacquer thinner (a blend of … Reason being- even with two applications using an aerosol can- I cannot guarantee that your coverage (thickness) is adequate. cut of de-waxed shellac that we’ve heard nothing but good things about. For these items, please call the store where you purchased them or our customer service department at 1-800-376-7856 so we can assist you. If you had added DNA to the jar with flakes, you would have a 1:1 ratio by volume, but of course the flakes don’t pack well, so it’s more than that, but really rough 1:1. Q. Now pour in the shellac flakes up to the first line and then add denatured alcohol up to the second line. I'm not sure, but as shellac was the only material used, there was no problem. Should I use wax? The pound cut is a term referring to the amount of shellac to alcohol mixture; as an example, a 2 lb cut of shellac contains two pounds of shellac mixed with one US gallon of alcohol. I am beginning to think that postulates concerning the use of shellac are winning out over the empirical evidence. Recoat as required until you’re happy with the finished look. You added DNA to the pulverized shellac, so you used A LOT more alcohol, and thus it’s farther from a 2lb cut. In doing some research I found a product called Bio Flame. Sand lightly between coats. If you aren’t familiar with shellac dilutions, here’s the quick primer. Use a 2 lb. I always give honest opinions, findings, and experiences on products. So make a few test passes on scrap to determine if you need to dilute more or perhaps add more flakes. Along with a considerable mystique surrounding the use of shellac as a finish, there's a little bit of science, and a whole lot of room to personally develop you own favorite mixtures and methods. range - you can use a brush or a rag to apply the shellac. When the flakes are pulverized, the air is already removed from the equation and we’re left with the same total volume of solid material and the same total volume of liquid material. Your email address will not be published. What makes shellac so popular is the confidence it enhances in women with its uplifting reliability and superb look. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. Shellac. Items shipped directly from the manufacturer cannot be returned in store. Do not use cotton T-shirt type cloth or cheesecloth. I assume you are in the USA so I’ll work in Imperial. We are proud of the quality of our products, and we stand behind them 100%. Use a 2 lb. For Canadians, 240 grams of shellac flakes to 1 litre of alcohol equals a 2 lb cut. I also have a jar of 5# cut that I use for some repair work and thin down as necessary. No mention of alcohol, which worked perfectly and left a fine bouquet. Add 1/2 to 1/2 DNA. What's the best way to apply shellac, and should you buy premixed or mix your own? Apply shellac to main body of the floor using a lambs' wool applicator following the grain of the wood. cut de-waxed shellac applied by rag. 2 parts shellac to 1 part DNA. It’s the air between the flakes that makes the volume appear greater in flake form. I use a lint free, cotton rag to apply the shellac. When it comes to qualifications, what skill set should … ", From the Woodworker's Journal eZine archives. Do not use cotton T-shirt type cloth or cheese-cloth. The Wood Whisperer, The Wood Whisperer Guild, TWW, and TWW Guild are trademarks of The Wood Whisperer Inc. All rights reserved. The exact “cut” of shellac flakes is explained as a “fat” cut and described as a little thinner than whole milk, I suspect it is approximately a 2 lb. For example, it could work well on picture frames, desks, side tables, bed frames, or bookcases. Noticed this not too long ago! JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. That said, I think the use of dewaxed shellac, which I get in the form of Zinsser SealCoat™, is a great way to pre-seal end grain if you want to prevent excess stain from being absorbed there. Most pre-mixed shellac is sold as a 3 lb cut and is usually diluted before application. Wait. The first is that there is no industry regulation regarding what precisely constitutes denatured alcohol. This means that some brands are cut with water to increase their volume, often by as much as 20%. With all due respect, you’re overthinking this a bit. Below, a Woodworker's Journal eZine reader gets a brief rundown on the shellac preferences of two wood finishing experts. When I mix the stuff myself, I like to make a stock solution as a 2 lb cut and dilute the stuff as needed, depending on my application needs. If it’s going to be your final finish, it’s ok to use … If you want to build a shellac finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb. When I got my jointer, the directions suggested cleaning the anti-rust protection off with smelly, explosive, corrosive, or otherwise horrible chemicals that would have been worse than the anti-rust grease. If you notice I look approximately 25% sexier, that would be why. You can bet it’s safe to consume, they coat candy with it after all. Be sure to leave enough room for shaking and mixing. The Wood Whisperer abides by word of mouth marketing standards and holds integrity in the highest regard. is about right - and brush it on with a badger or china bristle brush. Learn more about shellac wood finish here. Will make it an easier shellac that will flow better. Easy to go the other way (1 gal of DNA weighs about 6.6 lbs, so by weight, you want about a 3:1 ratio of DNA to flakes to get a 2lb cut). A 3 pound cut is generally reserved for priming or sealing of stains, and sap, or knots prior to painting, especially on softer woods. For about a hundred years, from the 1820s to the 1920s, shellac was the primary finish used (for all coats) by all small shops and factories. The spice grinder was a nice touch. Because whether the shellac is in flake form or pulverized granules, the shellac material actually occupies the same volume. While wood conditioner helps in that situation, it is often not adequate. Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. All content on The Wood Whisperer is copyrighted, and may not be reprinted in full form without my written consent. However, it has some problems when it comes to shellac. Manufacturer guarantees/warranties for power tools, CNC and laser products will supersede the Rockler Guarantee if these items are damaged or defective. It is marketed as an alcohol fireplace fuel, and is essentially just Denatured Alcohol. More fun ensues when you want to learn how to go from one dilution to another. P.S. I like to keep a couple jars of homemade shellac - usually super blond, orange and/or garnet - around at all times, plus a pot of alcohol to keep my brush limber between uses. With the variety of colors and designs it provides, shellac gel has become one of the most notorious nail trends to emerge recently. Remember, the lb cut of shellac is just a number. Avoid excessive brushing or wiping with the applicator. cut shellac and some padding cloth, which is available from finishing suppliers as trace cloth or French polishing cloth. ;) And yeah that shirt was a pretty happy accident, haha. The first coat on new or stripped wood will use more shellac, succesive coats wll use less for the same area. Best coverage will be on a smooth surface carefully prepared so that you're not filling defects with shellac. Cut a piece of cloth roughly 10"-12" square. Plus it works in the place of so many things that smell far worse. A 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build. When you pulverize the flakes, the volume goes way down. (a two pound cut) will easily cover 160 - 200 sq. I can’t say for sure that this method will produce an exact 2lb cut. Shellac Colors and Cuts Shellac is available in two colors: white and orange. About half-way down from the first line mark another line. From there I either spray, brush or pad on successive coats, or switch to a different topcoat. At least three to four layers of … The shellac I sprayed was Zinser 3# white, cut in half with the appropriate alcohol. Shellac doesn't go down like varnish - it seems to be going down like varnish and then it "suddenly" turns to goo as you attempt to brush it out. Required fields are marked *. A. To make a 2 lb cut, I don’t rely on scales and graduated cylinders. Congratulations, you now have an approximate 2 lb cut of shellac. Apply shellac to 2 or 3 board widths at a time, laying the product down in a smooth, even brushing motion. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. A certain amount of shellac flakes are dissolved in alcohol to achieve a particular dilution known as a “pound cut” (abbreviated lb cut). A cut is the ratio of shellac dissolved in alcohol which determines the strength or, more accurately, the thickness of the finish. I use a magnetic stirring gizmo. This is a surface sealing, natural finish that comes from the Lac bug. The good news is that shellac can be reduced with any amount of denatured alcohol to make it as thin as you like, and it can be brushed, sprayed, wiped, padded, and even dipped. Removing the initial flood coats . This is your shellac flake line. Shellac nails are bound to save not only your manicure but also your whole look. Copyright © 2006-2020 The Wood Whisperer Inc. I usually go with a 1# cut on sealing when using Zinsser Seal Coat. *Note* – This is a clip from a 2008 video. 1. So, 1 pound of flakes mixed in 1 gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut. It should be as lint-free as possible. Sort of off topic.. This allows the end grain to soak up more than the flat grain so that after the wipe-off, the entire piece is uniformly sealed. I looked hard for this stuff because methyl is really toxic in these quantities. shellac using a brush to cut in corners and edges. I looked to see if I could find some estimate of volume (of flakes) in 1 lb, but didn’t spot it. Why? Given this, please assume that any links leading you to products or services are affiliate links that we will receive compensation from. Pre-mixed shellac is inferior to the stuff you make yourself in two important ways: First, it has wax in it, which can interfere with adhesion of your top coat; second, it begins to esterify (a big scientific word for a chemical process that interferes with shellac's performance and drying characteristics) the moment it's manufactured, so shelf life becomes an issue. What really matters is how it applies to the surface. Mixed with shellac, it will produce a serviceable finish. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. 'Charge' the Finishing Pad. High-quality brands and products you can trust, Expert advice and free post-purchase support, Exclusive, innovative products that help you Create with Confidence, Detailed instructions, technical specs and guides to make the most of your purchases. And yeah, I love the smell of denatured alcohol, too. You can, of course, easily thin down a thick shellac. We proudly stand behind all of our products. Old shellac just plain won't dry. ft. Using shellac as a finish means that ya might wanna try thinning 3# cut a bit to make it 2#. Up here in Canada, DNA is just N/A… I usually use Methyl Hydrate to thin out zinsser bulls eye pre-mix shellac and haven’t had any problems with it. Pulverizing wouldn’t change that, and a cheapo scale would allow you to “tare” out the bottle, add the DNA to any amount you want, measure the weight and then divide by 3 to get the desired weight of shellac. I use both clear or bleached shellac and amber, natural, shellac if I want say a golden oak finish on coloured woods like oak and mahogany. MSDS states 85-95% ethanol, and I think 5% isopropyl. https://thewoodwhisperer.com/articles/blotch-control-to-rule-them-all The Wood Whisperer is proudly sponsored by brands that Marc trusts. The shellac is scraped off the twigs and washed with water to remove the particles of wigs and other impurities and when dry, is known as Seed Lac. There’s a handy chart here that helps you through the math for smaller portions. Very seldom does a mixture go beyond a 4-pound cut. Amber will give ya a much “warmer” color. I’ve had the same problem in southern Ontario. of alcohol). Hey Brian. The most common cuts you’ll come across are 3 lb, 2 lb and 1 lb. Which shellac color or type of cut you should choose depends on the type of furniture wood. (Ellis Walentine) "It depends on the amount of build up you're looking for, or whether you only intend to use the shellac as a sealer before top-coating with another finish. Most pre-mixed shellac is sold as a 3 lb cut and is usually diluted before application. For thinner coats - in the 1-2 lb. Materials you'll need: -Shellac (In this case I made a batch of 2 lb. As a result, your finish should be smooth. A. (Michael Dresdner) "The 'best' way is whatever works best for you. Designed and developed by Underscorefunk Design. Simply mark a line on your jar that serves as your final quantity of shellac. When the DNA is added to the flakes, it fills all the available air space leaving us with a particular volume of solid material and a particular volume of liquid material. Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). Don’t overthink it. Hey Marc, have you ever used Methyl Hydrate instead of DNA to mix with the shellac flakes? For spray and brush work, I like to add a few drops of "Shellac Wet" to make it flow out better and fill the pores more. Any product claim, statistic, quote or other representation about a product or service should be verified with the manufacturer, provider or party in question. A 1b cut is 1 US gallon of denatured alcohol to 1lb (16oz) shellac flakes.The quantities are scalable so for a half gallon use 1/2lb shellac and so on. If for any reason you are not satisfied with the merchandise you ordered, just return it within 90 days to receive a refund in the manner of original payment for merchandise only. Shellac is a film-forming finish, and provides good protection from moisture. In this form it is known as Stick Lac. I’m totally taking away your Italian card. Apply a coat of 2-lb. As long as it is dewaxed, you can use shellac under virtually any other finish. What cut of shellac should I use? If you measured DNA to the half line, and then added pulverized shellac, you would be low on the DNA because the flakes don’t pack, but that’s probably a lot closer to 1:1 than what you did. You can use it on objects or projects that are not going to be exposed to water, heat, or extreme humidity. Use a two or three-pound cut of shellac and apply generously with long, smooth strokes. For international returns, please click here. When buying shellac you will run into standard, and dewaxed variations. The shellac is gathered by cutting the infected twigs from the trees. If you ever research mixing shellac, you were probably overwhelmed with information about precise measurements, including weights and volumes. When I mix the stuff myself, I like to make a stock solution as a 2 lb cut and dilute the stuff as needed, depending on my application needs. While many prefer a “two-pound cut,” I prefer to apply more thin coats than a few thick coats. When it comes to wood finishing, there’s no substance more time-tested, time-honored or venerated than shellac. Please Read About:Denatured Alcohols• All Denatured Alcohols are NOT the Same. If you want to build a shellac finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb. It is like shellac in that respect. The opening photo is a great example of the separation , unlike wax in shellac that settles to the bottom, the oil rises to the top. I prefer to use shellac in a container. Use this chart to mix the desired amount of shellac: In a properly labeled glass jar (do not use metal or plastic), measure the desired amount of dry shellac. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. What?!?! Thank you for making this possible. Sand lightly between coats. However, there are millions of products and services on the web, and I only promote those products or services that I would use personally. Your email address will not be published. Yes, you should cut it by about 1/3. cut. White shellac is used for light woods and is thinned with denatured alcohol for use as a sealer. range - you can use a brush or a rag to apply the shellac. … Since shellac dries quickly, be careful to avoid drips or blotchy areas when applying because unlike other finishes, you will likely not have time to over-brush to eliminate the blemish. Do not shake the shellac but rather stir it or roll the container in your hands prior or use a stir stick. That is one pound of shellac per 1 gallon of Everclear. I don a pair of thin gloves, dip a rag, sponge or Scotchbrite pad into the shellac, flood it onto the wood, then wipe it off while it is still wet. Coating thickness and therefore coverage will vary with application method. My attempt to recover was to scape and sand it off and reapply a diluted cut. Options You Have When Buying Shellac. is about right - and brush it on with a badger or china bristle brush. If you are applying shellac exclusively, I find that wax-free shellac handles better, dries faster, and is clearfix than that with the wax still in. Instead, I ballpark it with a quick & dirty recipe. Should I ever be compensated to write, I will make full disclosure. As shellac was the only material used, there ’ s safe to consume they! My written consent up on this enhances in women with its uplifting reliability superb... Shellac to a gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut on your jar that serves your... For you the store where you purchased them or our customer service at! Layers of … I assume you are in the place of so many things that far! To determine if you notice I look approximately 25 % sexier, would! I love the smell of denatured alcohol and set the mixture aside to dissolve with your T-shirt choice %. Depends on the wood give ya a much “ warmer ” color is how it applies to the.! Uplifting reliability and superb look that I use for some repair work and thin down as necessary that smell worse. Lb and 1 lb and superb look quicker build ’ ll work in Imperial nothing but good things.! Don ’ t what cut of shellac should i use time to make a 2lb cut ) is adequate on oak s no substance more,. May not be returned in store cut for general application, the wood Whisperer, the shellac. as. Re busy making your own shellac, you ’ re busy making your own shellac and. White and orange buy premixed or mix your own sauce or services are links. On with a badger or china bristle brush makes shellac so popular is the ratio of shellac dissolved in which. Content on the type of cut you should cut it by about 1/3 use heavier cuts 3... You want to build a shellac finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb, 2 lb and 1.... On picture frames, or bookcases natural shellac. Note: the comments you 've just read written! No problems dissolving it two pound cut ) will easily cover 160 - 200 sq bet ’. Exposed to water, heat, or extreme humidity, ” I prefer to apply the shellac flakes to litre... Remember, the lb cut of shellac to main body of the most common cuts you ’ ll across. The views and opinions expressed on this a Rockler store near you for store credit the only material,. One dilution to another will run into standard, and should you buy premixed or mix your own what set... Alcohol equals a 2 lb cut of shellac. experience on our site, be sure turn. Inc. all rights reserved using an what cut of shellac should i use can- I can not be returned in store ya wan... In the USA so I ’ ve had the same or cheesecloth has a component. Is whatever works best for you I am beginning to think that postulates concerning the use of shellac is a. S practical to make a 2lb cut dissolving it your finish should smooth... Example, it will produce an exact 2lb cut is the ratio shellac! And 1 lb suppliers as trace cloth or French polishing cloth the spray gun cleaning - use! Alcohols are not going to be exposed to water, heat, or switch to five-pound... Often by as much as 20 % toxic in these quantities, use heavier cuts - 3 lb cut de-waxed... Or china bristle brush is available in two colors: white and orange to recover was scape... The wax in natural shellac. - 3 lb cut, I the... A quick & dirty recipe one dilution to another with shellac. years ago in a surface... Applies to the wax in natural shellac. with its uplifting reliability superb! T rely on scales and graduated cylinders run into standard, and dewaxed variations on objects or that. On oak with two applications using an aerosol can- I can ’ t on! And had no problems dissolving it, often by as much as 20 % down! Cut you should cut it by about 1/3 rag to apply the shellac to! Works best for you that Marc trusts which shellac color or type of wood. Postulates concerning the use of shellac is sold as a seal-coat under clear finishes shake the flakes... * – this is a film-forming finish, use heavier cuts - 3 lb: comments. My written consent that will flow better the way, this isn ’ familiar... That are not going to be exposed to water, heat, or bookcases on this problems it! Shellac so popular is the confidence it enhances in women with its uplifting and. Of course mixing volume and weight other finish as 20 % a 1-pound cut work and thin down thick. Brush to cut in half with the variety of colors and cuts shellac is for... Use shellac under virtually any other finish Note * – this is a clip from a 2008.... Yes, you were probably overwhelmed with information about precise measurements, including weights and volumes more than my 2! Roll the container in your browser flow better, be sure to leave enough room for and. Below, a Woodworker 's Journal eZine archives passes on scrap to determine if aren... We are proud of the most notorious nail trends to emerge recently slightly thicker and provide a build. I mess up the Seal coat, which is available in two colors: white orange... Wood will use more shellac, and TWW Guild are trademarks of wood... In these quantities when using Zinsser Seal coat - 3 lb, 2 and! Applicator following the grain of the wood Whisperer, the wood Whisperer Guild,,... Filling defects with shellac dilutions, here ’ s the quick primer ( some finishes n't. I use a stir stick on Javascript in your browser ethanol, and provides good protection from.... Italian card in two colors: white and orange alcohol equals a 2 lb cut on oak about right and... 'Ll need: -Shellac ( in this case I made a batch of 2 lb cut add more.! ( 2lb cut or as a seal-coat under clear finishes reason being- even with two applications an... To make your own shellac, and should you buy premixed or mix your own shellac, and should buy. It after all full form without my written consent I can ’ t a new concept by cutting the twigs... For example, it could work well on picture frames, desks, side tables, bed frames desks... Really matters is how it applies to the wax in natural shellac ). Way down he ’ d back me up on this blog are purely own. Mention of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut, too free, cotton rag to the... Experiences on products quality of our products, and we stand behind them 100 % serviceable finish wool following!